Active and Passive voice

In English, a sentence can be written in two voices-Active and Passive.

Active Voice

A sentence in active voice focuses on the person or thing doing the action.
e.g. Somebody broke the chair.

Passive Voice

A sentence in passive voice focuses on the person or thing affected by the action. Passive voice is used when the subject is not important or not known who does the action.
e.g. The chair was broken.

Points to remember while transforming active voice into passive voice

Tense plays an important role while transformed the voice.

1. Simple Present Tense

Active voice
Subject + verb (1st form)+s/es +object.

Passive voice
Object+ is/am/are +verb (3rd form) by + subject.

e.g. Sachin plays cricket.                        (Active)
Cricket is played by Sachin .                 (Passive)

2. Present Continuous Tense

Active voice

Subject +is/am/are +verb(1st form)+ ing +object.

Passive voice

Object + is/ am/ are+ being + verb (3rd form)+by +Subject.

e.g. He is teaching me.                                             ( Active )
I am being taught by him.                                        (Passive)

3. Present Perfect Tense

Active voice

Subject +has/have +verb (3rd form)+object.

Passive voice

Object +has/have +been +verbs (3rd
form) +by +subject.

e.g. You have finished the work.                             (Active)
The work has been finished by you.                       (Passive)

4. Simple Past Tense

Active voice

Subject + verb (2nd form) + Object

Passive voice

Object + was/were + verb (3rd form) + by + subject.

e.g. Abhijit composed a new song.                        (Active)

A new song was composed by Abhijit.                 (Passive)

5. Past Continuous Tense

Active voice

Subject + was/were + verb (1st form) + ing + Object.

Passive voice

Object+was/were + being+ verb (3rd form) + by + subject

e.g. The writer was narrating the story.                         (Active)

The story was being narrated by the writer.                 (Passive)

6. Past Perfect Tense

Active voice

Subject + had + verb (3rd form) + Object.

Passive voice

Object + had + been + verb (3rd form) + by + subject.

e.g. My father had visited the Red Fort.                          (Active)

The Red Fort had been visited by my father.                 (Passive)

7. Simple Future Tense

Active voice

Subject + will/shall + verb (1st form) + object.               

Passive voice

Object + will/shall + be + verb (3rd form) + by + subject.

e.g. The manager will allow me to enter.                          ( Active)

I shall be allowed to enter by the manager.                     (Passive)

8. Future Perfect Tense

Active voice

Subject + will/shall + have + verb (3rd form) + object.

Passive voice

Object + will/shall + have + been + verb (3rd form)

e.g We shall have sold our car.                                 ( Active )
Our car will have been sold by us.                            (Passive)

Some Other Transformation of Sentences into Passive Voice

1. Sentences with Double Object

e.g. My brother has given me a bag.                                   (Active)

I have bcen given a bag by my brother,                             (Passive)
                                    Or

A bag has been given to me by my brother.                        (Passive)

2. Imperative Sentences

e.g   Don’t waste the money.                                           (Active)
Your are advised not to waste the money.                  (Passive)

3. Infinitives

People believe the lion to be dangerous.                        (Active)
The lion is believed to be dangerous.                              (Passive)


4. Use of Preposition Other than by


e.g   I know our Prime Minister.                                                (Active)
Our Prime Minister is known to me.                                       (Passive)

5. Prepositional verb

e.g   She listened to the music.                                                    (Active)
The music was listened to by her.                                            (Passive)

6. Sentences with Modal Verb


Active voice

Subject + Modal verb (can/could etc) + main verb (1st form) + object

Passive voice


Object + Modal verb + be+ main verb (3rd form) +by +subject.

e-g. Virat can win the match in South Africa.                       (Active)
The match can be won by Virat in South Africa.                  (Passive)

Try Yourself

See answer table below

Try Yourself

Question 1-

Did he plan an excursion to mountains?

(a) Had an excursion to mountains planned by him

(b) Was an excursion to mountains planned by him.

(c) Is an excursion to mountains planned by him.

(d) Has an excursion to mountains planned by him.

Try Yourself

Question 2-

We prohibit smoking.

(a) Smoking is prohibited.

(b) Smoking is being prohibited.

(c) Smoking will be prohibited.

(d) Smoking has been prohibited.t

Try Yourself

Question 3-

Sita learns her lessons daily.

(a) Her lessons are learnt daily by Sita.

(b) Her lessons is learnt daily by Sita.

(c) Her lessons was learnt daily by Sita.

(d) Her lessons were learnt daily by Sita.

Try Yourself

Question 4-

I didn’t speak even a single word in the meeting.

(a) Even a single word had not been spoken by me in the meeting.

(b) Even a single word has not been spoken by me in the meeting.

(c) Even a single word have not been spoken by me in the meeting.

(d) Even a single word was not spoken by me in the meeting.

Try Yourself

Question 5-

We shall write a novel.

(a) A novel will be written by us.

(b) A novel will have been written by us.

(c) A novel is written by us.

(d) A novel would be written by us.

Try Yourself

Question 6-

Ratan is performing and experiment.

(a) An experiment is being performed by Ratan.

(b) A experiment is performed by Ratan.

(c) Experiments were performed by Ratan.

(d) An experiment was performed by Ratan.

Try Yourself

Question 7-

Kindly offer you remarks.

(a) You have been requested to offer your remarks.

(b) You are requested to offer your remarks.

(c) You were requested to offer you remarks.

(d) You are being requested to offer your remarks.

Answer table:

1b
2a
3a
4d
5a
6a
7b

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