Definition: A comparison between two things that shows a way in which they are similar.
There are mainly five types of Question based on analogy-
- Sematic Analogy
- Letter Analogy
- Number Analogy
- Mixed Analogy
- Figure Analogy
Choose the related word from given alternatives
Calm : Cool : : Abandon: ?
Sol- As ‘Cool’ is synonym of ‘calm’.
Similarly, ‘Leave’ is the synonym of ‘Abandon’.
Create : Destroy : : Fire : ?
Sol- (b) As, ‘Destroy’ is the antonym of ‘Create’. Similarly, ‘Fire’ is the
antonym of ‘Ice’.
In letter analogy, letters are generally moved some steps forward or
backward, reversed in whole or in sections or have some common identity between each other.
FIRE : ERIF : : MORE : ?
In this type of analogy, numbers are given in a group pair which bears certain relationship. Relationship is generally based on mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, squares and cubes of numbers etc.
7:45 :: 5:?
Sol- (c) As, ( 7 x 6)+ 3 = 45
Similarly, (5×6)+3= 33
In this type of analogy, letters and numbers are given, following a certain relationship. The relationship in mixed analogy can be based on the position of the alphabets or letters, sum or product of the position of alphabets or letters etc.
NEWS: 14,5,23,19 :: PAPER: ?
Sol- (c) Each letter is assigned its positional value in
forward order. So,