# Analogy: Sematic, Letter, Number, Mixed and Figure based Analogy Formula and Tricks with Problem (Question) and Solutions

Definition: A comparison between two things that shows a way in which they are similar.

There are mainly five types of  Question based on analogy-

1. Sematic Analogy
2. Letter Analogy
3. Number Analogy
4. Mixed Analogy
5. Figure Analogy

## Sematic Analogy

Choose the related word from given alternatives

Example 1-

Calm : Cool : : Abandon: ?

(a) Down

(b) Leave

(c) Attached

(d) Clear

Sol- As ‘Cool’ is synonym of ‘calm’.
Similarly, ‘Leave’ is the synonym of ‘Abandon’.

Example 2-

Create : Destroy : : Fire : ?

(a) Repair

(b) Ice

(c) Anarchy

(d) Weak

Sol- (b) As, ‘Destroy’ is the antonym of ‘Create’. Similarly, ‘Fire’ is the
antonym of ‘Ice’.

## Letter Analogy

In letter analogy, letters are generally moved some steps forward or
backward, reversed in whole or in sections or have some common identity between each other.

Example 3-

FIRE : ERIF : : MORE : ?

(a) TISU

(b) EROM

(c) MERO

(d) FIOM

Sol-(b)

As,

Similarly,

## Number Analogy

In this type of analogy, numbers are given in a group pair which bears certain relationship. Relationship is generally based on mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, squares and cubes of numbers etc.

Example 4-

7:45 :: 5:?

(a) 20

(b) 30

(c) 33

(d) 43

Sol- (c) As, ( 7 x 6)+ 3 = 45

Similarly, (5×6)+3= 33

## Mixed Analogy

In this type of analogy, letters and numbers are given, following a certain relationship. The relationship in mixed analogy can be based on the position of the alphabets or letters, sum or product of the position of alphabets or letters etc.

Example 5-

NEWS: 14,5,23,19 :: PAPER: ?

(a) 16,5,16,1,18

(b) 18,5,16,1,16

(c) 16,1,16,5,18

(d) 32,2,32,10,36

Sol- (c) Each letter is assigned its positional value in
forward order. So,

PAPER–> 16,1,16,5,18