Indian National Movement

The Indian National Movement can be divided into three important phases : Phase-I (1885-1905), Phase II (1906-1916), Phase-III (1917-1947). Phase I (1885-1905) Indian National Congress This phase began with the establishment of the Indian National Congress in 1885 by AO Hume, with its first session held on 28th December, 1985 at Bombay (Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit … Read more

Modern History of India

Advent of Europeans In India Portuguese Vasco-da-Gama discovered the cape route from Europe to India and reached Calicut on 17th May, 1498 where he was received by Zamorin (Hlindu ruler of Calicut). Cochin was their early capital which was later replaced by Goa in 1510 (during Nino da Cunha). They had their trading stations at … Read more

Medieval History

Muslim Invasion in India Mohammad Bin Qasim invaded India in AD 712, Ho was the first Muslim to invade India and conquered Sindh which became part of Omayyad Khilafat. Mahmud of Ghazni was the first Turk to invade India (AD 1998). He led about 17 expeditions to India and raided the most celebrated Hindu temple … Read more

Gupta Empire : Chandragupta, Samudragupta, Kumargupta, Skandagupta and Post Gupta Empire

Some 500 years after the collapse of Mauryan empire, a new dynasty called Gupta’s arose in Magadha. It wasunded by Sri Gupta. The important rulers of Gupta period are as follows Chandragupta  l He was the first Gupta ruler to assume the title of Maharajadhiraj. He strengthenedhis empire by establishing matrimonial alliance with the family … Read more

Maurya Empire

Maurya empire was one of the greatest empire recorded in the Indian history, which lasted from 322 BC to 185 BC. Important rulers of the Maurya dynasty are as follows Chandragupta Maurya He founded the Maurya empire by defeating the last Nanda ruler Dhananda with the help of Chanakya (Kautilya). He has been called Sandrocottus … Read more

Magadha Empire

Out of the 16 Mahajanapadas, four most powerful mahajanapadas were Magadha, Vatsa, Avanti andKosala. The kingdom of Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern districts of Patna and Gaya in Bihar and also some parts of Bengal.  Different dynasties ruled Magadha during different period of time. These include Haryanka Dynasty Bimbasara (544 BC-492 BC) Bimbasara, a … Read more

Religious Movements

During the period between 7th and 5th century BC, various religious movements were born. The main causes behind the emergence of the new religious movements were the brahmanical dominance and spread of agricultural economy in the North-East India. Buddhism Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in 563 BC at Lumbini in the Sakya … Read more

Ancient India

Sources of Indian History The sources of the Indian history give details about the political, social, economic and religious aspects of that time. The sources of Indian history can be classified under the following heads 1. Archaeological Sources (i) Inscriptions (ii) Numismatics (iii) Monuments and Artefacts 2. Literary Sources (i) Religious and Secular Literature (ii) Foreign Accounts … Read more