Statement Arguments and Assumptions : Detail explanation Formula and Tricks with Problem (Question) and Solutions


In this type of question, a statement concerned with a political, social or economic issue is given followed by certain arguments in favour of or against the statement. The candidate is required to analyze first the statement then the arguments in context of the statement and finally decide which of the arguments hold strong and help formulate the most appropriate opinion on the subject. Strong arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question.

Directions(Q.1-3)- Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the argument is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.

Give answer

(a) If only argument I is strong.

(b) If only argument II is strong.

(c) If either I or II is strong.

(d) If neither I nor II is strong.

(e) If both argument I and II are strong.


1st Statement

Should there be an upper age limit of 65 years for contesting Parliamentary Legislative Assembly elections?


  1. Yes, generally, people above the age of 65 lose their dynamism and will power.
  2. No, the life span is so increased that people remain physically and mentally active even upto the age of 80.

2nd Statement

Should adult education programme be given priority over compulsory education programme?


  1. No, it will also help in success of compulsory education programme.
  2. Yes, it will help to eliminate the adult illiteracy.

3rd Statement

 Should religion be banned?


  1. Yes, it develops fanaticism in people.
  2. No, religion binds people together.


1st Statement

(d) The age of a person is no criterion for judging his mental capabilities and administrative qualities. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

2nd Statement

(b) Clearly, argument I gives a reason in support of the statement and so it does not hold strong against it. The adult education programme needs to be given priority because it shall eliminate adult illiteracy and thus help in further spread of education. So, only argument II is strong enough.

3rd Statement

Religion binds people together through the name of God and human values. But at the same time it may create differences and ill-will among people.

So, either of the arguments holds strong.

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