Types of Nouns and Rules : Common, Proper, Concrete, Abstract, Collective, Countable, Uncountable, Compound Noun

Types Of Noun

 

Common Nouns

Common nouns basically refer to people, places, and things in general like chair or dog.

Examples: teacher, car, music, danger, receipt etc.

  • Have you seen my Cat?

Proper Nouns

Proper Noun refers to name of people, places or organizations are proper nouns. Your name is a proper noun. For ex-  Delhi is a proper noun.

Concrete Nouns

Concrete nouns refers to  physical things that you can touch.For ex- Man, Rice etc.

Abstract Nouns

Abstract nouns refers to  opposite of concrete nouns. They are things that you cannot touch. Abstract nouns are ideas, concepts and feelings of a person.

Examples: happiness, courage, danger, truth etc

Countable Nouns

Countable nouns refer to things which you can count. Countable nouns have singular and plural forms.

Examples:  ball, boy, cat, person

Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable Nouns refers to things that you cannot count. For ex- Water, sadness etc.

Collective Nouns

A collective noun refers to a group of individuals. For ex- Her family live in different countries.

Compound Nouns

A compound noun refers to  a noun that is made with two or more words. Most compound nouns are [noun + noun] or [adjective + noun]. For ex- cat food, blackboard, breakfast, full moon etc.

 

Noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place or thing. Here are some rules of nouns which should be used while making sentences.

These rules will be very helpful in common error problems.

 

Rule: Some nouns are always singular. These are uncountable nouns. Articles A/An are not used with these nouns.

These nouns are:
Machinery, Work, Wood, Dust, Traffic, Electricity, Scenery, Poetry, Furniture, Advice, Luggage, Information, Luggage, Hair, Money, Language, Business, Mischief, Knowledge, Bread, Stationery, Crockery,  Baggage, Postage, Wastage, , Jewellery, Breakage etc.
Ex:

  • He gave me information.
  • Sachin transported his furniture by Truck.
  • Rishma has good knowledge of grammar.

 

Rule: Some nouns are always in plural form they don’t have singular form. Plural verb is used with them.

These nouns are:
Cattle, Assets, Alms, Police, Amends, Annals, Archives, Ashes, Arrears, Athletics, Wages, Auspices, Species, Scissors, Gentry, Trousers, Pants, Clippers, Shambles, Bellows, Gallows, Fangs, Measles, Eyeglasses, Tidings, Goggles, Belongings, Breeches, Braces, Binoculars, Dregs, Entrails, Embers, Fireworks, Lees, Odds, Outskirts, Particulars, Proceeds, Proceedings, Riches, Bowels,  Remains, Shears, Spectacles, Surroundings, Tactics, Tongs, Vegetables, Valuables, Etc.
Ex:

  • Cattle are not allowed to enter that ground.
  • These pants are good.
  • These poultry are mine.

 

Rule: Some nouns have the same form in singular as well as in plural form.

These nouns are:
Sheep, Fish, Crew, Family, Team, Carp, Pike, Trout, Deer, Aircraft, Counsel, Swine, Vermin, Species Etc.
Ex:

  • A deer is grazing in the field.
    Deer are grazing in the field.
  • Sparrow is now a rare species.
    There are many species of cow.

 

Rule: Nouns expressing number like hundred, dozen, score etc are used in singular with numerical adjectives.

These nouns are:
Hundred, Pair, Score, Stone, Dozen, Thousand, Million, Billion, Gross,  Etc.
Ex:

  • Sumit bought four dozen apples.
  • Samir got five hundred rupees.
  • Deepika has two pair of sandles.

 

Rule: Plural noun is used after One of, Neither of, Either of, and Each of.
Ex:

  • One of my friends is an Engineer.
  • Either of them will come.
  • Neither of the students hasRu failed.

 

Rule: Some nouns look plural but have singular meaning. Singular verb is used with them.

These nouns are:
Summons, News, Politics, Physics, Economics, Mechanics, Mathematics, Measles, Ethics, Rickets, Billiards, Draughts, Innings, etc.
Ex:

  • I have a good news.
  • Economics is my favourite subject.
  • It was a good innings by India.

 

Rule: Some nouns look singular but have plural meaning. Plural verb is used with them.

These nouns are:
Infantry, Children, Cattle, Cavalry, Poultry, Peasantry, Gentry, Police, Clergy, Etc.
Ex:

  • Children are playing in the ground.
  • Cattle are not allowed to enter in the ground.
  • Police are coming.

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