which proclamation of national emergency automatically suspends?

1.All Fundamental right

2.No Fundamental right

3.Right to freedom

4.None of the above

Answer :Right to freedom

Explanation : NATIONAL EMERGENCY

  • National emergency can be declared on the basis of war, external aggression or armed rebellion. The Constitution employs the expression ‘proclamation of emergency’ to denote an emergency of this type.
  • Grounds of declaration:
    • Under Article 352, the president can declare a national emergency when the security of India or a part of it is threatened by war or external aggression or armed rebellion.
    • The President can declare a national emergency even before the actual occurrence of war or armed rebellion or external aggression
    • When a national emergency is declared on the grounds of ‘war’ or ‘external aggression’, it is known as ‘External Emergency’. On the other hand, when it is declared on the grounds of ‘armed rebellion’, it is known as ‘Internal Emergency’.
      • This term ‘armed rebellion’ is inserted from the 44th amendment. Before this term it was known as internal disturbance.
  • Example:
    • If India and Pakistan openly accept that they will use armed forces against each other is simply war.
    • If there is no formal declaration that there will be armed forces used against a country is External aggression.
    • And if because of these two grounds an emergency is proclaimed as an external emergency.

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